ISSN: 1994-6937 (print), 2409-4420 (online)

Russian Journal of Entrepreneurship

Peer-rewieved journal. Published in Russian.

№ 18 / September, 2012

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Brief

Trifonov Evgeniy Vasilyevich, Associate Professor, Department of Accounting and Finance, Norilsk Industrial Institute

   Economic and Mathematical Models of Cost Minimization and Price Optimization

4-13

The article clearly proves that pricing aiming to maximize profits is to give way to pricing based on the cost minimization. This principle promotes the progressive development of the economy and the society as a whole, as is aimed at the modernization and optimization of production on the one hand, and improvement of the population’s welfare and hence its purchasing power – on the other.

Nemets Kirill Anatolyevich, Postgraduate Student, Perm State National Research University

   Socio-Economic Factors and the Development of E-Government

14-20

The article examines the connection of socio-economic factors and the level of e-government development. The key aspect is the need to consider the evolution of socio-economic development when designing and implementing e-government as a factor that determines the rate of perception and the level of adaptability of citizens to electronic forms of interaction with the government.

Kapustin Nikolay Sergeevich, Postgraduate Student, Department of Social and Economic Studies, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

   The Key Issues of the Development of Joint Ventures in the New Economy

21-28

The paper analyzes the situation connected with the need to achieve the goals set by the Russian Government for the development of the high-tech small and medium sized businesses in the country. For this purpose, investments, including foreign ones, are plying an important role. In this regard, the author suggests that such form of foreign capital attraction as the creation of companies with foreign investments should be used more often. He encourages the scientific community to study the problems hindering the development of this form of business.

Filimonova Natalyya Mikhaylovna, Dr. of Econ. Sci., Head of Department of Management, Vladimir State University named after A.G. and N.G. Stoletovs
Vedekhin Aleksandr Yuryevich, Postgraduate Student, Department of Management, Vladimir State University named after A.G. and N.G. Stoletovs

   Identification of the Problems of Implementing the Youth Policy

30-34

The paper describes the problems of youth policy, which may have serious consequences for the economy of the country. Using the example of
the Vladimir Region the authors analyze the negative factors that cramp implementing the active policy to support the development of young people in the regions of Russia.

Potudanskaya Vera Fedorovna, Doctor of Econ. Sci., Professor, Head of Chair of Economics and Labor Organization, Dean of Faculty of Economics and Management, Omsk State Technical University
Novikova Tatyyana Valeryevna, Cand. of Econ. Sci., Associate Professor, Chair of Economics and Labor Organization, Omsk State Technical University
Shalay Viktor Vladimirovich, Rector, Omsk State Technical University

   Labor Mobility under Innovation Reorganization at Industrial Enterprises in the Omsk Region

35-41

The paper considers the labor mobility of the personnel of industrial enterprises in the Omsk Region in the context of their innovation development. It systematizes the internal and external factors that affect the rate and extent of the labor mobility. The authors suggest that the system of indicative characteristics (indicators) to assess the staff status, make forecasting calculations and select the strategy of innovative business development should be worked out at the enterprise level.

Telyatnikova Tatyyana Viktorovna, Postgraduate Student, Department of Economics and Management, Omsk State Technical University

   The Emergence and Development of Non-Standard Forms of Employment

42-46

The article discusses the emergence and development of non-standard forms of employment and flexible working schedules in the USSR. It reveals the reasons why they were used and shows the results of the research conducted at enterprises. Non-standard forms of employment are attractive even today as they allow enlarging the workforce by the disabled, women with small children and young people as well as reducing the number of the unemployed. The article describes the benefits of such non-standard form of employment as the time bank.

Shakhovskaya Anna Aleksandrovna, Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bryansk State Technical University

   Management of Ensuring Readiness of the Staff to Innovate to Facilitate the Progress of the Innovation Process

48-53

The article considers ensuring readiness of the personnel to innovation as an integral part of the innovation process, its main sub-process in terms of socioapproach and the concept of social and ethical management. It shows the basic abilities to influence the results of the innovation process through the management of ensuring readiness of the staff to innovate.

Semenov Anton Vladimirovich, Postgraduate Student, Institute of Economics, Perm Branch, Ural Division of Russian Academy of Sciences

   The Main Factors and Properties of the Innovation Environment

54-59

The paper analyzes the major factors and features of the innovation environment and highlights the objective and subjective factors. Particular
attention is paid to the analysis of the factors of innovation receptivity. It gives the idea that the modernization of the Russian economy is possible only if a favorable innovation environment is formed.

Mingaleva Zhanna Arkadyevna, Doctor of Econ. Sci., Professor, Chair of Economics and Enterprise Management, Perm National Research Polytechnic University
Gataullina Aida Anasovna, Student, Faculty of Economics, Perm State National Research University

   On the Question of Interrelation between Innovation and Its Legal Framework in Russia

60-65

The paper considers institutional aspects of innovation in Russia. It reveals the interrelation between the country’s rate of innovation development and the features of the Russian legislation in the field of protection of intellectual property rights and the use of its results in the economic turnover.

Kuznetsova Elena Alekseevna, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Management, St. Petersburg Humanitarian University of Trade Unions

   Defining the Concept of Small Innovation Business

66-72

The article deals with identifying the subjects of small innovation business. On the basis of foreign and domestic experience the author draws a conclusion that there is no single criterion according to which a company should be included in the category of innovation business. The author suggests criteria for inclusion a company in the category in question.

Bikmetova Zulyfiya Masnavievna, Senior Lecturer, Institute of Management and Business Security, Bashkir State University, Ufa

   Depreciation and Financial Policy of a Company

74-81

The article shows the interrelation between depreciation policies and policies of forming monetary capital, investment policies and policies of profit formation and distribution.

Tsarenko Elena Sergeevna, Postgraduate Student, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don

   Integration of BTL-Marketing Tools in the Complex Marketing Communications

82-88

The article considers the process of integration of BTL-marketing technology in the set of integrated marketing communications and identifies the tools of its practical implementation.

Safargaliev Mansur Fuatovich, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Enterprise Management, Kazan State Technical University named after A.N. Tupolev

   Lean Production at a Machine Building Company

90-95

The article describes organizational and managerial innovations aimed at improving production efficiency. It gives the characteristic of Lean Production, the Japanese management model, and provides recommendations for the implementation of lean manufacturing tools in the operations of machine building companies..

Kudashkin Yuriy Vladimirovich, Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Economics, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, General Director, Mordovia Light CJSC
Akhmedov Farid Nasirovich, Cand. of Econ. Sci., Associate Professor, Department of Finance and Credit, Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow

   Energy Efficiency and Conservation: the Problem of Creating a Smart Grid

96-102

The paper considers the current problems of the Russian power industry hindering the creation of the smart grid. According to the authors, the main difficulties of the development of the smart grids are not in the field of technology, but in the definition of the strategy and policy. Taking in consideration the experience of other countries, an integrated approach to the modernization of the power industry is required.

Zakharov Pavel Nikolaevich, Applicant, Department of Economics and Strategic Management, Faculty of Economics, Institute of Economics and Management, Vladimir State University named after A.G. and N.G. Stoletovs
Kornilov Pavel Pavlovich, Doctor of Econ. Sci., Professor of Institute of Economics and Management, Vladimir State University named after A.G. and N.G. Stoletovs

   Some Ways to Optimize the Process of Obtaining Initial Permits in Construction

105-110

The paper presents approaches to the implementation of information technology to optimize the processes in the construction industry. It defines stages and practical tools for their implementation, including the development of the new approaches to increase the investment attractiveness of the sector, as well as the mechanisms to promote innovation in the construction industry

Chistyakov Mikhail Valeryevich, Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Management, State University – Higher School of Economics, Moscow

   Multinational Automobile Companies on the Markets of Russia and China

111-117

The article compares the entry strategies of transnational corporations (TNCs) to the automobile markets of Russia and China in the context of approaches by J. Dunning and P. Buckley. The results of comparison reveal that TNCs mainly have a form of their own production in Russia, while in China they have a form of joint ventures with local companies. The model that best describes the methods used by TNCs to enter the considered markets should be a synthesis of models by J. Dunning and P. Buckley.

Shuravina Elena Nikolaevna, Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Engineering and Economics, Samara State Technical University
Kosyakova Inessa Vyacheslavovna, Doctor of Econ. Sci., Professor, Head of Chair of National and World Economics, Samara State Technical University

   Features of Management and State Regulation of the Transport Complex in Russia

118-124

The paper describes the features of transport complex management in Russia. The authors suggest the measures to improve functioning of the transport system, prove the necessity to introduce the advanced technologies in transport and improve the legislation regulating the industry.

Kobyak Marina Viktorovna, Cand. of Econ. Sci., Professor, Department of Hospitality and Tourism Business, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Layko Mikhail Yuryevich, Doctor of Econ. Sci., Professor Department of Hospitality and Tourism Business, Honored Scientist, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

   Technological Progress as a Factor of Innovation in the Hospitality Industry

126-132

The paper deals with the issues of improving the management of hospitality businesses and describes the features of the innovative approach to the hotel management. The authors believe that technological and other types of innovation are the main source of competitive advantages of a present-day hotel.

Gayfutdinova Oksana Sergeevna, Associate Professor, Chair of Economics and Business Operation, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNIPU), Cand. of Econ. Sci., Senior Researcher, Perm State National Research University (PGNIU)

   The Basic Methodology of Evaluating Innovation Competitiveness of the Region

134-139

The article analyzes the main parameters influencing the formation of the system for assessing the region’s innovation competitiveness aimed at identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the economic entity in the innovation sphere to determine the directions of the territorial innovation policy within the framework of increasing the competitiveness in general.

Zimin Dmitriy Pavlovich,

   К вопросу о модели инновационных процессов на региональном уровне( )

140-144

Bolokhonov Mikhail Aleksandrovich, Cand. of Econ. Sci., Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov

   Regional Features as Additional Characteristics of the Agri-Food Market

145-150

The article introduces the idea that regional differences are an additional feature of the agri-food market, which depends primarily on the income of the population, affecting the consumer demand, as well as on the organizational structure of farms and consumer preferences.

Kim Nadezhda Tesonovna, Postgraduate Student, Department of Financial and Credit and International Economic Relations, St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance

   Feasibility of the Property Tax Reform in Russia

152-158

Transition to the new real estate tax in Russia has been the key-note of the tax policy guidelines for the last ten years. The draft of the federal law on the establishment of the new tax in Russia was adopted by the State Duma in 2004, however, it has not developed further than the first reading so far. The development of the draft constantly faces various hindrances; therefore one can see the implementation of the real estate tax only after the basic components of the real estate tax are settled.

Sultangadzhiev Shamily Magomedaripovich, Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Economics, Dagestan State University, Makhachkala

   Methodological Approaches to the Optimization of the Tax Burden to Stimulate Entrepreneurial Activities

159-164

The paper suggests that the optimization of the tax burden should be implemented by means of granting tax privileges to lagging industries. It also suggests that the tax burden should be raised for the businesses with sound financial stability and lowered for the business activities with crisis financial stability.

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