ISSN: 2410-1621 (print), 2412-9089 (online)

Russian Journal of Housing Research

Peer-rewieved journal. Published in Russian.

Volume 6, Number 3 (July-September 2019)

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Brief

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Исследование взаимосвязей жилищного строительства и устойчивого развития территорий

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Gorodnova Natalya Vasilevna, (Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin)
Shablova Elena Gennadevna, (Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin)

The use of information technologies in the concept of urban development: economic and legal aspects

277-294

The development of investment and construction sector and effective management of urban space is one of the main conditions of socio-economic growth and is one of the priorities of any state. The use of information and Smart-technologies, which are an integral part of modern society, plays an important role in this development.
The main purpose of this work is to study the Russian practice of using information technologies, including at the stage of design and construction of “smart cities”, which will determine the current situation and future prospects of development of the investment and construction sector of Russia in the framework of the transformation of the existing legislative regulation. The article discusses several significant projects for the construction of “smart cities”, the elements of the concept of “smart technologies” in the everyday environment on the example of Russia and several other countries, the introduction of Smart and information technologies in the design and construction of construction of industrial and civil facilities for BIM (“Building Information Model”), determines the place of norms in this area in the array of Russian legislation, as well as trends in the regulatory regulation of BIM-technology. In addition, the authors developed a dynamic model to improve the efficiency of information technology in the integration of public and private potential.
The conducted scientific research allows to summarize the accumulated experience of using smart technologies in Russia and abroad, which makes it possible to assess the current state and prospects of development of the investment and construction sector in Russia.
The general scientific methods of knowledge, in particular, methods of economic analysis of private law, the method of logical analysis, the system method, the comparative legal method, formed the methodological basis of the study.
The paper concludes that the introduction of “smart technologies” opens up new opportunities for the development of investment and construction sector and the development of housing strategies with effective urban space management. World experience shows significant progress in the creation and development of the concept of “smart cities”. Russian practice shows that “smart technologies” are mainly used in the conditions of integration of the public and private sectors. In addition, the currently being formed experimental legal “platform” provides an opportunity to test the legal regimes of information technology regulation and digitalization, as well as to assess the future prospects of their implementation as a general regime of legal regulation.
The results obtained by the authors of the study can be useful for representatives of the government and the scientific community, specialists of large companies and analytical centers, for which the use of information and Smart-technologies in the investment and construction sphere is of professional interest.

Shishkin Sergey Sergeevich,

Moscow real estate: 30 years of insane profit

295-308

The article focuses on the investments in residential real estate in Moscow. It addresses the equilibrium cost, real expected return, and standard deviation. The first indicator is determined by comparing the value of Moscow housing stock and its GRP, PPP, which is a development of the national capital model. The second indicator is the sum of the net rental return and the equilibrium price drift minus depreciation losses. The third indicator is calculated on the bases of on R/S analysis.
All calculations are related to almost 30 years of time since 1992. They show that the real expected return was about 3-12 %, while the average geometric realized return, with the possibility of reinvesting rents, could exceed 8 %. Currently the real expected return is at the lower limit and is not more than 5 %, but it is being offset by the relative cheapness of the current price compared to the equilibrium price. The standard deviation is estimated at 27 %

Savin Konstantin Nikolaevich, (Tambov State Technical University)
Sheps Roman Aleksandrovich, ( Voronezh State Technical University)
Agafonov Mikhail Vladimirovich, ( Voronezh State Technical University)

Cost estimation in case of violation of the thermal regime of apartment buildings in the conditions of application of apartment heating

309-320

The article discusses in detail the issue of heat loss of residential premises with individual apartment heating. The paper calculates the value of costs in violation of thermal conditions in apartment buildings. Calculations of heat loss are carried out according to known dependencies based on the difference in temperature, properties and area of the fence, and the monetary equivalent is calculated based on the cost of gas for Voronezh. The results of the study should be taken into account when designing walling in houses with apartment heating, the development of regulatory documents and tariff regulation.

Sirotkin Viktor Anatolevich, (The Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Graduate School of Economics and Management)
Zhelenkova Veronika Sergeevna, (Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin)
Kozhevnikova Olga Sergeevna, (The Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Graduate School of Economics and Management)
Chikurova Anna Mikhaylovna, (Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin)

The role of multivariate modeling in residential property valuation and consumer demand forecasting

321-332

The article assesses the existing trends in the residential real estate market. The factors which have the greatest impact on the cost of residential real estate are identified and systematized in the form of a matrix. Their justification with the help of economic and mathematical methods is made. The authors conclude that the use of economic-mathematical methods, the analysis of the real estate market will allow government agencies and development companies to make management decisions aimed at improving its accessibility taking into account the interests of the majority.

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