Download PDF | Downoads: 75
Abstract:The scientific entrepreneurship in the informal economy is increasing all over the world. But in Russia the study of this phenomenon is just beginning. The paper examines the informal entrepreneurship in the Russian Federation regions. People who are registered in the state register as sole proprietors (individual entrepreneurs) and receive income for their business activity are considered as being informal entrepreneurship. Sequence of estimation of trends in functioning of the informal entrepreneurship in the Russian Federation depending on economic factors and including 5 stages in offered. The estimation tool is author’s dynamic model using panel dataset. The indicators of 77 regions of the Russian Federation for the period of7 years were used for our calculations. On the basis of those calculations a number of conclusion were made. A traditional character of the established kinds of the employment in the individual entrepreneurship in the Russian Federation and inertness are confirmed statistically. The higher GDP per capita in the individual region the less is the number of individual entrepreneurship. In the opposite case, the entrepreneurs go to informal sector or go to the hired labour. People with low skills are absorbed by the informal sector without registration as individual entrepreneurs.
Keywords:Dynamic Model, informal economy, informal entrepreneurship, Panel dataset, sole proprietors (individual entrepreneurs), the Russian Federation regions
References (transliterated):Adom K., Williams C.C. (2012). Evaluating the motives of informal entrepreneurs in Koforidua, Ghana Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship. 17 (1). 1250005.
Akhmadeev D.R. (2015). Institutsionalnye usloviya neformalnoy zanyatosti v sovremennoy Rossii [Institutional conditions of informal employment in modern Russia] Moscow: Finansovyy universitet. (in Russian).
Blackburn R., Kovalainen A. (2009). Researching small firms and entrepreneurship: past, present and future International Journal of Management Reviews. 11 (2). 127-148.
Buehn A., Schneider F. (2012). Shadow economies around the world: novel insights, accepted knowledge, and new estimates International Tax Public Finance. 19 139-171.
Burov V.Yu. (2010). Tenevaya deyatelnost subektov malogo predprinimatelstva i puti ee legalizatsii [Shadow activity of small businesses and the ways of its legalization] Chita: Izd-vo ChitGU. (in Russian).
Burov V.Yu. (2014). Tenevaya ekonomika i maloe predprinimatelstvo: teoreticheskie i metodologicheskie osnovy issledovaniya [The shadow economy and small business: theoretical and methodological foundations of research] Chita: ZabGU. (in Russian).
De Castro J., Khavul S., Bruton G. (2014). Shades of grey: how do informal firms navigate between macro and meso institutional environments? Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. 8 (1). 75-94.
De Soto H. (1989). The Other Path: The Invisible Revolution in the Third World New York: Harper & Row.
Elgin C., Schneider F. (2013). Shadow Economies in OECD Countries: DGE vs. MIMIC Approaches. Working Papers from Bogazici University Working Papers from Bogazici University, Department of Economics. 13 30.
Frith K., G McElwee (2008). The entrepreneurial wide boy: A modern morality tale International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. 6 (1). 80-93.
Gimpelson V.E., Kopelyushnikov R.I. (2014). V teni regulirovaniya: neformalnost na rossiyskom rynke truda [In the shadow of regulation: informality in the Russian labor market] M.: NIU VShE. (in Russian).
Hart K. (1973). Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana Journal of Modern African Studies. 11 (1). 61-89.
Jones C., Spicer A. (2005). Spicer The sublime object of entrepreneurship Organization. (12). 223-246.
Loayza N., Servén L., Oviedo A.M. (2005). The impact of regulation ongrowth and informality: cross-country evidence World Bank Policy Research Working Paper. (3623).
Maloney W.F. (2004). Informality revisited World Development. 32 (7). 1159-1178.
Schneider F., Enste D.H. (2000). Shadow economies: size, causes, and consequences Journal of Economic Literature. 38 (1). 77-114.
Simutina N.L., Leventov N.N. (2018). Estimation of the impact of the driving forces of the informal employment on its size in the Russian regions Revista ESPACIOS. 39 (14). 32-47.
Simutina N.L., Leventov N.N., Puzikova O.P. (2018). Vliyanie ekonomicheskikh faktorov na uroven zanyatosti v neformalnom sektore: regionalnyy aspekt [The Impact of Economic Factors on the Employment Rate in the Informal Sector: Regional Aspect]. Spatial Economics. (1). 83-100. (in Russian).
Stock J.H., Watson M.W. (2011). Introduction to Econometrics. Third Edition Amsterdam: Addison-Wesley Longman.
System of Nation AccountsUnited Nation Division of Statistic. Retrieved from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/nationalaccount/docs/SNA1993.pdf
The Informal Economy and Decent Work: A Policy Resource Guide supporting transitions to formalityIlo. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/emppolicy/pubs/WCMS_212688/lang--en/index.htm
Webb J., Tihanyi L., Ireland D., Sirmon D. (2009). You say illegal, I say legitimate: entrepreneurship in the informal economy Academy of Management Review. (34(3)). 492-510.
Williams C. (2006). The Hidden Enterprise Culture: Entrepreneurship in the Underground Economy Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Williams C. (2008). Beyond necessity-driven versus opportunity-driven entrepreneurship: A study of informal entrepreneurs in England, Russia and Ukraine International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation. (9(3)). 157-166.
Williams C., Nadin S. (2010). Entrepreneurship and the informal economy: an overview Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship. 15 (4). 361-378.
Yamada G. (1996). Urban informal employment and self-employment in developing countries: theory and evidence Economic Development and Cultural Change. (44(2)). 289-314.
Korrektirovka valovoy dobavlennoy stoimosti na ekonomicheskie operatsii nenablyudaemye pryamymi statisticheskimi metodamiRosstat. (in Russian). Retrieved from https://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/vvp/vvp-god/tab14-19-1.xls
Leventov N.N. Funktsionirovanie neformalnyh predprinimatelskikh struktur v regionakh Rossiyskoy FederatsiiVestnik Evraziyskoy nauki. (in Russian). Retrieved from https://esj.today/PDF/25ECVN318.pdf
Ob utverzhdenii Metodologicheskikh polozheniy po provedeniyu vyborochnyh obsledovaniy naseleniya po problemam zanyatosti (obsledovaniy rabochey sily): prikaz Federalnoy sluzhby gosudarstvennoy statistiki ot 21.12.2010 g. № 452Gks.ru. (in Russian). Retrieved from http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site /population/trud/untitled452-10.pdf
Obsledovanie rabochey silyRosstat. Retrieved from http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru /statistics/publications /catalog/doc_1140097038766
Sistema natsionalnyh schetov - 2008United Nation Division of statistic. Retrieved from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/nationalaccount/docs/SNA2008Russian.pdf