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Abstract:Competitiveness is the ability of an individual or group of people to win a competition for economic benefits. Human capital is an ability to generate income, embodied in the human. It is necessary to distinguish competitiveness of the human capital of the worker and competitiveness of the worker in the labor market. The first relates to its potential to succeed in employment or promotion; the second – with the realization of this potential, which depends on both objective and subjective factors: productivity, management attitudes, possible discrimination, their own behavior. Competitive human capital of an employee, as a rule, is the property not only of himself, but also of the organization, which is interested in increasing and implementing its most important components.
Keywords:competitiveness, human capital, labor relations, labour market, worker organization
JEL-Classification: J21, J23, J24
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