Download PDF | Downoads: 98
Abstract:The article deals with the essence of the concept of “high-tech products“. The list of high-tech groups of goods according to the development of the OECD is given. The trade turnover between Russia and China in 2015-2018 is analyzed. The share of high-tech products in Russia's exports to China and Russia's imports from China in 2015-2018 is calculated. It is noted that it is necessary to focus on the production and export of goods with a high degree of processing, high added value and high-tech products in order to increase the export potential of Russia. The features of economic cooperation between Russia and China on the basis of trade turnover of high-tech products in 2015-2018 are revealed. It was determined that the index of high-tech manufacturing in 2018 fell by 4.9% after an increase of 5% in 2017 and 10.1% in 2016. This index includes: the production of medicines and materials used for medical purposes (an increase of 8.2% in 2018); the production of computers, electronic and optical products (a decrease of 1.5%); the production of aircraft, including spacecraft (a drop of 13.5%). As a result of the development of economic cooperation, China is able to provide Russia with both investment and technology, with which it is possible to modernize the economy and establish joint production in high-tech industries.
Keywords:economic cooperation, export, high-tech products, import, industry, technological intensity, trade
JEL-Classification: F10, F50, O31
References (transliterated):Degtyareva O.I., Polyanova T.N., Sarkisov S.V. (2008). Vneshneekonomicheskaya deyatelnost [Foreign economic activity] M.: Delo. (in Russian).
Denisov A. (2015). Novoe napravlenie vsestoronnego sotrudnichestva strategicheskikh partnerskikh otnosheniy RF i KNR: v ramkakh EAES i Ekonomicheskogo koridora Shelkovogo Puti [A new direction of all-round cooperation strategic partnership of Russia and China in the framework of the EAEU and Economic corridor of the silk Road]. Kitayskie investitsii. (7). (in Russian).
Godin B. (2009). The making of science, technology and innovation policy: conceptual frameworks as narratives, 1945–2005 Montréal: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société, Institut national de la recherche scientifique.
Gordeev N.V. (2016). Rossiya – Kitay: 15 let moskovskomu dogovoru [Russia - China: 15 years of the treaty of Moscow]. Nauchnyy vestnik Baykalskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta ekonomiki i prava. 26 (1). 351-356. (in Russian). doi: 10.17150/1993-3541.2016.26(3).351-356 .
Kuzmin I.V. (2015). Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo kak forma stimulirovaniya innovatsionnoy deyatelnosti [International collaboration as a form for stimulating innovation activities]. Journal of Economy and Entrepreneurship. (11-2(64)). 1042-1046. (in Russian).
Luzyanin S.G. (2016). Rossiysko-kitayskiy dialog: model 2016 : doklad № 25/2016 [Russian-Chinese dialogue: a model of 2016 : report No. 25/2016] M.: NP RSMD. (in Russian).
National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved June 12, 2019, from http://www.finversia.ru/publication/economic/kitaiskayaekonomika-chto-dalshe-10759
Paramonov V.. Strokov A. (2006). Otnosheniya mezhdu Rossiey i Kitaem: istoriya, sovremennosty i buduschee Defence Academy of The United Kingdom: Conflict Studies Research Centre. (6(46)).
Shutova T.V., Startseva T.E. (2012). Vysokotekhnologichnyy kompleks Rossii – platforma dlya innovatsionnogo proryva [High-tech complex of Russia - a platform for innovation breakthrough]. Problemsof regional economy. (2(11)). 57-67. (in Russian).
Sidenko V.R. (2008). Globalizatsiya i ekonomicheskoe razvitie [Globalization and economic development] K.: Feniks. (in Russian).
Solovev V.P. (2004). Innovatsionnaya deyatelnost kak sistemnyy protsess v konkurentnoy ekonomike (Sinergeticheskie effekty innovatsiy) [Innovative activity as system process in a competitive economy (Synergetic effects of innovations)] K.: Feniks. (in Russian).
Sukhodolov A.P., Van Nana (2013). Puti sovershenstvovaniya ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva Kitaya i Rossii [Ways of improving economic cooperation between china and russia]. News of the Irkutsk State Economic Academy (Scientific Journal of Baikal State University). (6). 104-107. (in Russian).
Sukhodolov Ya.A. (2016). Rossiysko-kitayskoe vneshnetorgovoe sotrudnichestvo v kontekste povysheniya natsionalnoy konkurentosposobnosti [Russian-Chinese foreign trade cooperation in the context of enhancing national competitiveness] Novosibirsk: Nauka. (in Russian).
Sukhodolov Ya.A. (2016). Mery gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya i sodeystviya realizatsii ekonomicheskikh interesov Rossii vo vneshnetorgovom sotrudnichestve s Kitaem [Measures of state regulation and promotion of the implementation of Russian economic interests in the foreign trade cooperation with China]. Nauchnyy vestnik Baykalskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta ekonomiki i prava. (1). 17-31. (in Russian).
Tszunyao V. (2017). Perspektivnye napravleniya Rossiysko-Kitayskogo ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva na sovremennom etape [Promising areas of Russian-Chinese economic cooperation at the present stage] M.. (in Russian).
Voskresenskiy A.D. (2004). Rossiysko-kitayskoe strategicheskoe vzaimodeystvie i mirovaya politika [The Russian-Chinese strategic interaction and world politics] M.: Yuniti. (in Russian).
Yakushev N.O. (2015). Rol eksportnoy deyatelnosti v ekonomicheskom razvitii regionov [The role of export activities in the economic development of regions]. Economy and society (Ekonomika i socium). (2-5(15)). 310-314. (in Russian).
«High-technology» and «knowledge based services» aggregations based on NACE Rev. 2Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved June 12, 2019, from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_SDDS
Glavnoe tamozhennoe upravlenie KNR. (in Russian). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from http://www.customs.gov.cn/publish/portal0
Gosudarstvennoe statisticheskoe upravlenie KNR. (in Russian). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from http://www.stats.gov.cn/english
Mezhdunarodnaya torgovlya tovarami i uslugamiOON Comtrade. (in Russian). Retrieved June 12, 2019, from https://comtrade.un
Osnovnye tselevye orientiry razvitiya rossiyskogo eksportaGovernment.ru. (in Russian). Retrieved June 14, 2019, from http://government.ru/news/707
Pokazateli mirovogo razvitiya Vsemirnogo bankaWorldbank.org. (in Russian). Retrieved June 12, 2019, from http://data.worldbank.org
Portal vneshneekonomicheskoy informatsii Ministerstva ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii. (in Russian). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from http://www.ved.gov.ru
Publikatsiya Vsemirnoy torgovoy organizatsii: otchet po mirovoy torgovleWto.org. (in Russian). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/statis_e.htm
Torgovo-promyshlennaya palata Rossiyskoy Federatsii. (in Russian). Retrieved June 14, 2019, from http://tpprf.ru/ru/vneshnie-svyazy/#analitika-po-ved
Federalnaya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki. (in Russian). Retrieved June 14, 2019, from http://www.gks.ru
Federalnaya tamozhennaya sluzhba RF. (in Russian). Retrieved June 14, 2019, from http://www.customs.ru