Published in «Russian Journal of Innovation Economics»3 / 2019
DOI: 10.18334/vinec.9.3.40906

Level of digitalization of the economy of the countries of the European Union and the Russian Federation

Borkova Elena Arkadevna, The St. Petersburg State University of Economics, Russia

Boriskina Elizaveta Vyacheslavovna, The St. Petersburg State University of Economics, Russia

Glazkova Aleksandra Olegovna, The St. Petersburg State University of Economics, Russia

Уровень цифровизации экономики стран Европейского союза и Российской Федерации - View in Russian

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Abstract:
This paper is devoted to such an urgent issue as the entry of society into the new format of the economy “Industry 4.0”, which implies a gradual digitalization of all processes. The article explains the essence of the four main factors, including their main criteria, which can determine the degree of digitization of the economy, including their main criteria. The relationship between the development of information and communication technologies and changes in the functioning of organizations is shown.
The authors analyze the new business formation and consider whether Russian enterprises are ready for the fourth industrial revolution, how far the companies have advanced in the issue of digitalization, and how much the European Union enterprises have succeeded in this. In the article, as the presented statistics are analyzed, the main differences between the represented economic systems are highlighted and, on the basis of this, an attempt is made to explain the discrepancies and the probable future development of the digital economy in the EU-28 countries and Russia is suggested.

Keywords:

cloud services, digital economy, e-commerce, information and communication technology specialists, internet

JEL-Classification: F18, L86, O31, O32, O33

Citation:
Borkova E.A., Boriskina E.V., Glazkova A.O. (2019). Level of digitalization of the economy of the countries of the European Union and the Russian Federation [Uroveny tsifrovizatsii ekonomiki stran Evropeyskogo soyuza i Rossiyskoy Federatsii]. Russian Journal of Innovation Economics, 9(3). (in Russian). – doi: 10.18334/vinec.9.3.40906.


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