Published in «Creative Economy»10 / 2019
DOI: 10.18334/ce.13.10.40965

Application of Smart technologies: assessment of the impact on human capital development

Gorodnova Natalya Vasilevna, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin, Russia

Skipin Dmitriy Leonidovich, University of Tyumen, Russia

Rozhentsov Ivan Sergeevich, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin, Russia

Применение Smart-технологий: оценка влияния на развитие человеческого капитала - View in Russian

 Download PDF | Downoads: 43

Abstract:
The problem of adaptation of labor resources to the conditions of the rapidly changing external world becomes even more relevant in the digitized environment. Currently, the main direction of our state is the development of the digital economy. The Russian economy lags far behind the developed economies of the world, in which the formation and processing of huge amounts of information with the help of IT and Smart-technologies becomes a daily reality. The implementation of the concept of building a Smart-space abroad is aimed at improving the comfort of the environment of society, the quality of their lives, the formation of “smart“ human capital, increasing the efficiency of the use of labor and other resources, which, ultimately, has a positive impact on all spheres of social and economic life of society.
The purpose of this research is to assess the impact of the introduction of “smart“ technologies on the development of human capital, and to understand the role of man in the digitized world on the basis of forecasting the main trends and trends associated with the development of the digital economy.
During study the factors in the development of human capital in the labor market were analyzed. The prospects for global transformation of the branches of economy were examined. The models of control systems for Smart City strategies were considered. The opportunities of digital technologies in the Sverdlovsk region application were identified, in particular, the model representation of the concept of Smart region was developed, and a dynamic model that allows to consider the impact of the use of Smart-products on the development of human capital of the state technology corporations was developed.
It is concluded that the use of Smart-systems opens up new opportunities for breakthrough development of territories, which should be used for the development of all sectors of infrastructure. However, it should be noted and possible negative effects on the labor market and human capital. The use of digital technologies is designed to improve the quality of life of Russian citizens by creating highly efficient jobs and increasing social mobility, supporting socially significant employment, ensuring the availability of social, engineering and transport infrastructure.
The results can be useful for authorities and the scientific community, for which the use of information and Smart technologies is of professional interest.

Keywords:

digitalization, efficiency, employment, human capital, information technology, labour productivity, public corporations, quality of life, smart city, Smart Region

JEL-Classification: J24, O31, O32, O33

Citation:
Gorodnova N.V., Skipin D.L., Rozhentsov I.S. (2019). Application of Smart technologies: assessment of the impact on human capital development [Primenenie Smart-tekhnologiy: otsenka vliyaniya na razvitie chelovecheskogo kapitala]. Creative Economy, 13(10). (in Russian). – doi: 10.18334/ce.13.10.40965.


References (transliterated):
Anakhin N.Yu., Groshev N.G., Onopriychuk D.A. (2018). BIM tekhnologii, kak osnova sovremenno obekta [BIM technologies, as the basis of modern object]. Voprosy nauki. (26). 29-31. (in Russian).
Anthopoulos L., Janssen M., Weerakkody V. (2016). A unified Smart City model (USCM) for Smart City conceptualization and benchmarking International Journal of Electronic Government Research. 12 (2). 77-93. doi: 10.4018/IJEGR.2016040105. .
Borodinecs A., Korjakins A., Zajacs A., Iufereva A. (2018). Smart Concept expansion from local to city scale International Scientific Conference on Energy, Environmental and Construction Engineering (EECE-2018) electronic edition. Ser. "MATEC Web of Conferences".
Bruneckiene J. (2014). The concept of Smart economy under the context of creation the economic value in the city Public Policy and Administration. 13 (3). 469-482. doi: 10.5755/j01.ppaa.13.3.830.
Erk A.F., Sudachenko V.N., Timofeev E.V. (2019). Intellektualnye energosberegayuschie tekhnologii s ispolzovaniem vozobnovlyaemyh istochnikov energii [Intelligent power-saving technologies using renewable energy sources]. Tekhnologii i tekhnicheskie sredstva mekhanizirovannogo proizvodstva produktsii rastenievodstva i zhivotnovodstva. (98). 247-257. (in Russian). doi: 10.24411/0131-5226-2019-10143 .
Globa S.B., Mutovin S.I., Berezovaja V.V., Butakova N.M. (2017). Smart City growth: experience and opportunities in the North and the Arctic SGEM International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social sciences and Arts. 251-258.
Goryacheva M.A., Trubina N.V. (2018). Analiz vnedreniya tekhnologii Smart City v stroitelstve [Analysis of technology implementation of Smart City construction]. Alley of Science. 1 (5). 212-216. (in Russian).
Grebenschikova E.V. (2017). Kompleksnyy podkhod k realizatsii kontseptsii Smart City: opyt evropeyskikh i rossiyskikh gorodov [A comprehensive approach to implement the concept of Smart City: the experience of European and Russian cities]. Comprehensive approach to implementation of the concept smart city: the experience of european and russian cities. 2 112-122. (in Russian).
Karpova P.V. (2018). BIM-modelirovanie: ot istokov k nastoyaschemu [BIM modeling: from the beginnings to the present]. BIM-­modeling: from the source to the present. (12). 42-43. (in Russian).
Komamizu T., Amagasa T., Shaikh S.A., Shiokawa H., Kitagawa H. (2016). Towards real-time analysis of Smart City Data: a case study on city facility utilizations 18th IEEE International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications, 14th IEEE International Conference on Smart City and 2nd IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Systems, HPCC/SmartCity/DSS 2016. 1357-1364.
Korolev A.V. (2016). BIM-instrument prozrachnogo kontrolya so storony investora [BIM-a tool for transparent monitoring by the investor]. Stroitelstvo. (2). 31-34. (in Russian).
Kraskovskiy D.G. (2017). Internet veschey i Smart City: Autodesk pokazal, kak razvivaetsya transportnaya infrastruktura v Rossii [The Internet of things and Smart City: Autodesk showed how developing the transport infrastructure in Russia]. MCAD and graphics. (8). 44-49. (in Russian).
Lavrova E.V. (2017). Kontseptsiya Smart City: vozmozhnosti povysheniya kachestva zhizni naseleniya [The concept of "smart city": the possibility of improving the quality of life of the population]. Modern city: power, management, economy. 1 46-55. (in Russian).
Lazaroiu G.C., Dumbrava V., Costoiu M., Teliceanu M., Roscia M. (2016). Energy-Information-Centric Smart Campus EEEIC 2016 - International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering 16. 7555487.
Makarevich I.V. (2019). Kontseptsiya «Umnyy gorod» na primere goroda Singapur [Concept "smart city" on the example of the city singapore]. Ustoychivoe razvitie nauki i obrazovaniya. (3). 29-31. (in Russian).
Meng H., Shuang H. (2018). Application of BIM technology in dispatching building project Journal of Advanced Oxidation Technologies. 21 (2). doi: 10.26802/jaots.2018.07426.
Merlino G., Bruneo D., Longo F., Puliafito A., Distefano S., Al-Anbuky A. (2015). A Smart City lighting case study an open stack-powered infrastructure Sensors. 15 (7). 16314-16335. doi: 10.3390/s150716314.
Prokolenkova V.V. (2017). Osobennosti upravleniya resursami v intellektualnom prostranstve Smart City [Features of Resource Management in the Intellectual Space Smart City]. Real estate: economics, management. (3). 46-51. (in Russian).
Schirrer M. (2018). The Smart City against the city. Urban coup by the economic producers of the Smart City Ractical Geography and XXI Century Challenges International Geographical Union Thematic Conference dedicated to the Centennial of the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 717-718.
Schneps-Shneppe M.A. (2016). How to build a smart city. Part 1. Project “Smart Cities and Communities” in a programme ES Horizon 2020 International Journal of Open Information Technologies. (1). 12-20.
Surova D.S., Korosteleva T.S. (2016). Razvitie kontseptsii Smart City (na primere UrFO) [The development of the concept of Smart City (on the example of Ural Federal district)]. Novaya nauka: Sovremennoe sostoyanie i puti razvitiya. (12-2). 152-154. (in Russian).
Tsypin I.S., Tsypina S.I. (2019). Strategiya razvitiya ekonomiki i promyshlennosti Rossii v usloviyakh mezhdunarodnoy nestabilnosti [A Strategy of Economic and Industrial Development of Russia in the Worldwide Instability Environment]. Economy. Taxes. Law. 12 (1). 76-85. (in Russian). doi: 10.26794/1999-849X-2019-12-1-76-85 .
Uhodnikova O. (2017). Evaluation of the potential of Smart-systems Tekhnologicheskiy audit i rezervy proizvodstva. 1 (4). 54-58. doi: 10.15587/2312-8372.2017.94392.
Wang Z., Xu Z. (2015). On transformation from industrial city to Smart City: a case study on ShIjingshan district of Beijing International Journal of Information and Decision Sciences. 7 (3). 255-264. doi: 10.1504/IJIDS.2015.071374.
Zhou H., Sun J., Wu Y., Chen H. (2018). Research on BIM Application in Construction Based on the Green Building Idea International Conference on Humanities and Advanced Education Technology(ICHAET 2018). 705-708.
Zhu Y., Zuo J. (2015). Research on security construction of Smart City International Journal of Smart Home. 9 (8). 197-204.