Published in «Russian Journal of Labor Economics»4 / 2019
DOI: 10.18334/et.6.4.41215

About support of motherhood and childhood in family policy of Russia

Volkova Anna Sergeevna, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Russia

Kudaeva Marina Mikhaylovna, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Russia

О поддержке материнства и детства в семейной политике России - View in Russian

 Download PDF | Downoads: 28

Abstract:
The article analyzes modern measures of family policy in Russia in terms of support for motherhood and childhood. The analysis of the implemented measures is accompanied by foreign comparisons, which demonstrate the presence of a broad integrated approach to support for motherhood and childhood in Russia (material, social, labour and tax support). However, the diversity of support measures for families with children does not achieve the desired indicators. The study of family policy measures in individual subjects of the Russian Federation confirms the need to develop and use differentiated regional approaches to support motherhood and childhood, caused by the difference in the values of the total fertility rate, the capabilities of the regions, and cultural characteristics. It is concluded that most measures are represented by economic incentives, which have a strong direct impact on the growth of the birth rate in Russia, but do not allow to ensure a high standard of living for families, do not solve the problem of an effective combination of parental and professional responsibilities.

Keywords:

family policy, fertility, social benefits and payments, state social support of families with children, women's employment

JEL-Classification: J12, J13, J16, J28

Citation:
Volkova A.S., Kudaeva M.M. (2019). About support of motherhood and childhood in family policy of Russia [O podderzhke materinstva i detstva v semeynoy politike Rossii]. Russian Journal of Labor Economics, 6(4). (in Russian). – doi: 10.18334/et.6.4.41215.


References (transliterated):
Ageeva E.V. (2019). Obzor sotsialnoy zaschity materinstva kak faktora zhenskoy zanyatosti [Overview of social protection of motherhood as a factor in women's employment]. Russian Journal of Labor Economics. (2). 811-826. (in Russian).
Andreeva E.M., Bychkov D.G., Feoktistova O.A. (2018). Mikroekonomika sotsialnoy podderzhki gosudarstvom semey pri rozhdenii rebenka [The Microeconomics of Social Protection of Families With Small Children in Russia]. Russian Journal of Labor Economics. (4). 1359-1374. (in Russian).
Konstantinova D.S., Kudaeva M.M. (2019). Diskriminatsionnye razlichiya v zarabotnoy plate v Rossii [Discriminatory wage differentials in Russia]. Discussion. 38-46. (in Russian).
Noskova A.V. (2016). Novye podkhody v semeynoy politike v kontekste menyayuschikhsya sotsialnyh realiy [New approaches to family policy in the context of the changing social realities]. Social policy and sociology. (5). 123. (in Russian).
Petrova T.Yu. (2017). Mnogodetnye materi na rynke truda [Mothers of many children on labor market]. Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod University. N.I. Lobachevsky. Series: Social Sciences. (2). 85-89. (in Russian).
Volkova A.S. (2019). K voprosu ob effektivnosti demograficheskoy politiki v Rossii // Upravlenie chelovecheskimi resursami: teoriya, praktika, perspektivy [To the question about the effectiveness of demographic policy in Russia // Human Resource Management: theory, practice, prospects] (in Russian).
Zagidullina V.M., Myasnikov D.A., Yurkov D.V. (2014). Spetsifika gosudarstvennoy podderzhki materinstva i detstva: zarubezhnyy opyt [The specifics of state support of motherhood and childhood: international experience]. Issues of economics and law. (78). 115-118. (in Russian).
Zakutin A. Opyt podderzhki mnogodetnyh semey za rubezhomKatekhon. Retrieved September 15, 2019, from http://katehon.com/ru/article/opyt-podderzhki-mnogodetnyh-semey-za-rubezhom
Rasporyazhenie Pravitelstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 25 avgusta 2014 g. N 1618-r «Ob utverzhdenii Kontseptsii gosudarstvennoy semeynoy politiki v RF na period do 2025 goda» g. Moskva. (in Russian). Retrieved from https://rg.ru/2014/08/29/semya-site-dok.html
Federalnyy zakon №81-FZ ot 19 maya 1995 g. «O gosudarstvennyh posobiyakh grazhdanam, imeyuschim detey». (in Russian). Retrieved September 13, 2019, from https://rosmintrud.ru/docs/laws/77