Abstract:The article analyzes the key features of two macro-regional strategies of innovative development under the conditions of digitalization and global competition of national innovation systems. The author notes the key distinctive characteristics of the North-American and Northern European trajectories of innovative development in the aspect of socio-cultural characteristics, basic value systems underlying economic transformations, as well as their competitive advantages.
The main emphasis is placed on the balance of innovative development strategies and its impact on the competitiveness of national economies, referred to the both models.
The experience of the countries related to these models is crucial for adjusting the course of innovative development of modern Russia in the conditions of aggravation of political and economic competition, the sanctions regime and the search for internal reserves of growth indicators of socio-economic development of the country.
The novelty of the proposed comparative approach lies in the identification of factors contributing to the convergence of macro-regional models of innovative development, as well as socio-cultural features that prevent the universalization of these models, i.e., preserving their macro-regional and partly national specificity.
Keywords:competitiveness, digital economy, fourth industrial revolution, innovative culture, North-American model of innovative development, Northern European model of innovative development
JEL-Classification: O31, O32, O33, O57
References (transliterated):Global Innovation Policy Center (GIPC), Inspiring Tomorrow: U.S. International IP Index, 7th EditionDisser.spbu.ru. Retrieved July 10, 2019, from https://disser.spbu.ru/disser2/82/disser/KurochkinDissertacija.pdf
Kalinina M.R., Kondratov N.A. (2018). Innovatsionnyy vektor konkurentosposobnosti stran Severnoy Evropy: opyt Shvetsii [The innovative vector of the Nordic countries’ competitiveness: case of Sweden]. Arktika i Sever. (33). 5-28. (in Russian). doi: 10.17238/issn2221-2698.2018.33.5 .
Kastels M., Khimanen P. (2002). Informatsionnoe obschestvo i gosudarstvo blagosostoyaniya: finskaya model [Information society and the welfare state: the Finnish model] M.: «Logos». (in Russian).
Kurochkin A.V. (2013). Innovatsionnaya politika v usloviyakh setevogo obschestva (severoevropeyskaya model) [Innovation policy in a networked society (Nordic model)] SPb.: Izdatelstvo RKhGA. (in Russian).
Kurochkin A.V., Sherstobitov A.S. (2012). Politika i gosudarstvennoe upravlenie v usloviyakh setevogo obschestva [Politics and governance in the networked society] SPb.: Izd-vo SPbGU. (in Russian).
Kushilin V.I. (2018). Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie nauchno-innovatsionnym razvitiem: novoe v mirovoy praktike [State management of scientific and innovative development: what's new in the world practice] M.: Prospekt. (in Russian).
Measuring the Information SocietyInternational Telecommunication Union. Retrieved July 10, 2019, from https://disser.spbu.ru/disser2/82/disser/KurochkinDissertacija.pdf
Skorodumova O.B. (2009). Sotsiokulturnye aspekty amerikanskoy modeli informatsionnogo obschestva [Socio-cultural aspects of american model of information society]. Nauchnyy vestnik. (142). 129-133. (in Russian).
The new High-Tech StrategyBmbf.de. Retrieved July 11, 2019, from https://www.bmbf.de/en/the-new-high-tech-strategy-2322.html
Vorobeva D.A., Kirichenko I.V. (2017). Finlyandiya: instrumenty innovatsionnoy politiki v usloviyakh krizisa natsionalnoy innovatsionnoy sistemy [Finland: Innovation Policy Tools under National Innovation system crisis]. MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research). 8 (4). 544-553. (in Russian). doi: 10.18184/2079-4665.2017.8.4.544-553 .
Kurochkin A.V. Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie i innovatsionnaya politika v usloviyakh setevogo obschestvaDisser.spbu.ru. (in Russian). Retrieved July 10, 2019, from https://disser.spbu.ru/disser2/82/disser/KurochkinDissertacija.pdf