Download PDF | Downoads: 17
Abstract:The state of dairy cattle breeding, despite positive trends in its development, remains difficult, which does not contribute to providing the country with dairy products on the basis of its own resources. As a key factor of sustainable development of the industry, the efficiency of labour use is considered. It requires a comprehensive quantitative and qualitative analysis aimed at identifying the factors of its growth. Taking into account the conditions of the modern dynamic stage of production development, the methodology for assessing the efficiency of agricultural labour should be based on a comprehensive system of meters that can ensure its completeness. For this purpose, a set of objective quantitative indicators is proposed. They are as follows: productivity, profitability, return on labour, efficiency of spendings on labour (salary), as well as the level of quality of life. On the basis of the presented methodological approach to the evaluation of the labour efficiency of dairy cattle industry workers, it is revealed that its level is provided by the whole set of the most important indicators characterizing its level. The main regularities and reasons for changes in labour efficiency in dairy cattle breeding include: low degree of concentration and specialization of production caused by a decrease in the density of dairy cows per 100 hectares of agricultural land; insufficiently high price of milk sales, having a tendency to decrease and unable to provide a level of profit that allows to expand production; irrational forms of organization of remuneration and motivation; high labour intensity, not meeting the requirements of ergonomics. It is concluded that the developed method contributes to a comprehensive analysis of labour efficiency in dairy cattle breeding, as well as provides its completeness and allows to identify patterns and causes of changes in its level.
Keywords:analysis of labour efficiency, efficiency of agricultural labour, labour efficiency, labour efficiency in dairy cattle breeding
JEL-Classification: J24, J43, Q13
References (transliterated):Belous N.M., Torikov V.E. (2015). Kontseptsiya razvitiya zhivotnovodstva Bryanskoy oblasti [The concept of development of animal husbandry in Bryansk region]. Vestnik Bryanskoy gosudarstvennoy selskokhozyaystvennoy akademii. (3-2). 59-63. (in Russian).
Buraeva E.V. (2015). Proizvoditelnost truda v selskom khozyaystve agroorientirovannogo regiona: problemy i faktory rosta (na primere Orlovskoy oblasti) [Labour productivity in agriculture of the agrarian region: problems and growth factors (case of Orel region)]. Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice. (37(412)). 44-57. (in Russian).
Chetvertakov I.M., Chetvertakova V.P., Lapenko I.I. (2012). Organizatsionnye problemy proizvodstva moloka i puti ikh resheniya [Organizational issues of production milk and solutions]. Organizer of Production. (3(54)). 35-36. (in Russian).
Chirkov E.P., Kirdischeva D.N. (2013). Faktory i rezervy rosta proizvoditelnosti truda v molochnom skotovodstve [Factors and reserves of growth of labour productivity in dairy cattle breeding]. Economics, labor, management in agriculture. (2(15)). 59-62. (in Russian).
Chirkov E.P., Nesterenko L.N., Khramchenkova A.O., Babyak M.A. (2018). Problemy i vozmozhnosti razvitiya agrarnogo sektora ekonomiki Bryanskoy oblasti [Problems and Possibilities for Development of the Agrarian Sector Economy in Bryansk Region]. Economics of agricultural and processing enterprises. (2). 32-37. (in Russian).
Dyachenko O.V., Belchenko S.A., Belous I.N. (2016). Materialno-tekhnicheskaya baza selskogo khozyaystva – osnova razvitiya agrarnogo sektora Rossii (na primere Bryanskoy oblasti) [Material-Technical Base of Agriculture - Development Base of Agrarian Sector in Russia (on Example of Bryansk Region)]. Economics of agricultural and processing enterprises. (6). 27-31. (in Russian).
Galeeva A.R., Grechnikova S.V., Kholopova Yu.S. (2012). Rentabelnost chelovecheskogo kapitala kak pokazatel ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti ispolzovaniya truda v selskom khozyaystve [Profitability of the human capital as the indicator of economic efficiency of use of work in agriculture]. Current development of economic and legal relations. Education and educational activities. 2012 16-19. (in Russian).
Ivanyuga T.V., Khramchenkova A.O. (2017). Sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya molochnogo skotovodstva v Bryanskoy oblasti [State and perspectives of development of dairy cattle breeding in the Vryansk region] Topical issues of economy and agribusiness. 127-133. (in Russian).
Khodyrevskaya V.N. (2012). Motivatsionnaya rol zarabotnoy platy i eyo ekonomicheskaya effektivnost [The motivational role of wages and its economic efficiency]. Vestnik Kurskoy gosudarstvennoy selskokhozyaystvennoy akademii. (1). 36-38. (in Russian).
Morozov N.M., Gridnev P.I., Khusainov I.I. i dr. (2015). Strategiya razvitiya mekhanizatsii i avtomatizatsii zhivotnovodstva na period do 2030 goda [The development strategy of mechanization and automation of animal husbandry for the period till 2030] M.: FGBNU «Rosinformagrotekh». (in Russian).
Surovtsev V.N., Nikulina Yu.N., Bilkov V.A. (2015). Povyshenie effektivnosti truda v molochnom skotovodstve na osnove innovatsionnyh tekhnologiy [Improving labor efficiency in dairy cattle breeding on the basis of innovative technologies]. Rural economy in Russia (Ekonomika sel\'skogo khozyaystva Rossii). (6). 28-36. (in Russian).
Trusova N.A. (2017). O sovremennyh protsessakh modernizatsii proizvodstva v molochnom skotovodstve [Of modern processes of modernization of production in dairy cattle] Modern trends in the development of technologies and technical means in agriculture. 245-250. (in Russian).