Published in «Food Policy and Security»2 / 2019
DOI: 10.18334/ppib.6.2.41386

Глобальные вызовы и угрозы развития аграрного сектора России

Lyasnikov N.V. , Market Economy Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Romanova Yu.A. , Market Economy Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Глобальные вызовы и угрозы развития аграрного сектора России - View in Russian

 Download PDF | Downoads: 16

This article examines global challenges and threats of development of agrarian sector of Russia. The article presents the analysis of technological shifts in the global agricultural sector with a focus on the impact of these developments on the Russian economy.
The aim of this work is a study of global challenges and threats of development of agrarian sector of Russia.
The object of research is the agricultural sector of Russia.
Object of research is process development of the Russian agrarian sector in the conditions of global challenges.
When carrying out the method of theoretical analysis and synthesis, classification, method of induction and deduction, comparison.
The results obtained. It is established that at the present time, agriculture is undergoing a revolution. The main task of the farmers, agroholdings, scientists, and more recently, IT specialists – increasing yields while reducing use of resources. On the one hand, this trend is provoked by the necessity to feed a growing global population, with another –the need to reduce the negative impact of agricultural activities on the environment. This dilemma raises a number of challenges for agriculture, road production; climate change; changing patterns of demand.
Basic global problems of the agricultural sector are:
– resource saving, a possibility which directly is determined by the level of innovative development of the country and its agricultural sector;
– acceleration of development of production with high level of value added;
– ensuring the availability and security of agroproizvodstve;
– stabilization and increase of income, primarily small and medium farmers whose financial condition is extremely vulnerable due to the lack of access to credit and traditionally smaller stock of financial stability compared to large companies.
Digital agriculture is able to provide the solution to many problems facing the industry, but only if it is applied with foresight and adaptability.
New information, bio - and nanotechnology, significant changes in the chain of distribution, added value, changing preferences and attitudes of consumers, climate change is not a complete list of the factors that will influence the agricultural sector in Russia and in the world in the near future.
The authors offer measures able to counteract the negative effects of economic challenges.


agrarian sector, agriculture, challenges, global issues, threats
Lyasnikov N.V., Romanova Yu.A. (2019). Глобальные вызовы и угрозы развития аграрного сектора России [Globalnye vyzovy i ugrozy razvitiya agrarnogo sektora Rossii]. Food Policy and Security, 6(2). (in Russian). – doi: 10.18334/ppib.6.2.41386.

References (transliterated):
(0). Eurostat (2016) Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics
Digital Agriculture. Bytes against Hunger Translating local and personal approaches of digital Retrieved May 01, 2019, from
Dudin M.N., Lyasnikov N.V., Ivaschenko N.P., Frolova E.E. (2017). Rossiya v sisteme mirovoy ekonomiki i mezhdunarodnyh svyazey v usloviyakh innovatsionnoy transformatsii sotsialno-ekonomicheskikh sistem [Russia in the system of world economy and international relations in the conditions of innovative transformations of socio-economic systems] Moskva : RUSAYNS. (in Russian).
Dudin M.N., Lyasnikov N.V., Polyakov V.L. (2012). Formirovanie innovatsionnoy sredy kak vazhneyshee uslovie obespecheniya konkurentosposobnosti predprinimatelskikh struktur [The formation of an innovative environment as the most important condition for ensuring the competitiveness of business structures] Moskva . (in Russian).
FAO (2017a) Land Available at. Retrieved May 01, 2019, from Available at
Meadows, D.H., Meadows D.L., Randers, J., and Behrens, W.W. (1972) The Limits to growth; a report for the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe Books; World Bank (2018a) Arable land ( % of land area) [Data file]. Retrieved fromWorld Bank. Retrieved November 01, 2019, from AG.LND.ARBL.ZS
Shagayda N.I., Uzun V.Ya. (2018). Tendentsii razvitiya i osnovnye vyzovy agrarnogo sektora Rossii [Development Tends and Main Challenges of the Russian Agricultural Sector]. Economics of agricultural and processing enterprises. (9). 2-9. (in Russian).
Shakhbazova O.P., Radzhabov R.G., Kolosov A.Yu., Podgorskaya S.V., Borodina N.A., Konkova O.V. (2018). Razrabotka informatsionnyh tekhnologiy razvitiya agrarnoy ekonomiki v usloviyakh importozameshcheniya i globalnyh vyzovov [The development of information technologies for the development of the agricultural economy in terms of import and global challenges] (in Russian).
Statsenko A.E. (2018). Znachenie innovatsionnoy politiki v agrarnom proizvodstve Rossii v usloviyakh sovremennyh vyzovov [The value of the innovation policy in the agricultural production of Russia in the conditions of modern challenges] In the collection: Problems and prospects of development of agriculture of southern Russia. 30-32. (in Russian).
Zhelezovskaya L.A. (2018). Agrarnyy sektor Rossii: vyzovy i perspektivy rosta [Agrarian sector of russia: challenges and prospects of growth]. Epokha nauki. (16). 105-108. (in Russian). doi: 10.24411/2409-3203-2018-11628 .
Prognoz nauchno-tekhnologicheskogo razvitiya agropromyshlennogo kompleksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii na period do 2030 (in Russian). Retrieved May 01, 2019, from
Rasporyazhenie Pravitelstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 28 iyulya 2017 g. № 1632 «Ob utverzhdenii programmy «Tsifrovaya ekonomika Rossiyskoy Federatsii» (in Russian). Retrieved May 01, 2019, from
Tsifrovizatsiya selskokhozyaystvennogo proizvodstva Rossii na period 2018-2025gg. Issledovanie kooperatsionnogo proekta «Germano-Rossiyskiy agrarno-politicheskiy dialog». – Moskva/Berlin, dekabry (in Russian). Retrieved May 01, 2019, from