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Abstract:The purpose of this article is a study of Agriculture 4.0 as a promising model for science and technological development of agrarian sector in modern Russia. The object of the study the agricultural sector of Russia, the subject of model Agriculture 4.0. The methodological basis of this research is the interdisciplinary approach embodied in the use of the principles of objectivity and consistency.
The results obtained. We found that modern world agriculture as an evolutionary technology development is at the stage of 4.0 (“Agriculture 4.0“) and is focused on the use of environmentally friendly natural resources (sun, sea water), innovative smart technology, precision agriculture, particularly genetic modification, nanobiotechnology, upgradelogo growing plants and vertical farming, as well as complex technological satellite navigation systems, robots, unmanned aerial vehicles/drones, 3D printing of food, Internet of things, blockchain, etc. identifies the main opportunities for the development of the agricultural sector, which include: the reduction of import dependence of the industry; development and wide application of biotechnology in agriculture; intensification of production through the mechanization of manual labor and the use of modern technology.
It is proved that the effective development of the agrarian sector in Russia requires a change in the use of its resource base, the introduction of innovative high-performance resource-saving technologies in agricultural production, to ensure production of high quality and competitive at domestic and foreign markets for agricultural products and foodstuffs. The potential benefits of the digitalization of the agri-food sector is compelling, but this will require a major transformation of systems of agriculture, rural economies, communities and natural resource management. This is a difficult task and will require a systematic and holistic approach to achieve all the potential benefits.
Keywords:agriculture, digital economy, digitalization, innovation, land relations, modernization
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